Frequently asked questions

1) At what age do you recommend starting formal training?
Training your dog is learning how to live with them, learning how to communicate, and learning how to enjoy each other. Given this statement, it is never too early or too late to start training. We recommend training with your dog in a few different life stages:
Puppy training should take place between 2 months - 5 months of age

Early adolescent training: 6 months - 12 months

Late adolescent training: 15 months - 24 months

Problem solving any new issues can take place at any time.


2) My puppy won't receive all their vaccinations until 4 months of age, but puppy kindergarten can start as early as 2 months. Is it okay to bring my puppy to class before fully vaccinated?
Ultimately, this is a decision where you want to weigh your pros vs. cons, and of course it is your choice!
A puppy's critical developmental window of socialization ends at about 16 weeks of age, and the most important time for socializing is before 12-14 weeks of age. Take a look at the following recommendations from board certified veterinary behaviorists about early socialization:
https://avsab.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Puppy_Socialization_Position_Statement_Download_-_10-3-14.pdf
The more risky places for catching illnesses are moist soil areas like the woods, lakes, rivers, beaches, etc. In addition, places with many unknown dogs or feces not routinely picked up like dog parks or reststops. 
Most puppy classes would be a much safer place to socialize, as well as:
Concrete areas like courtyards, campuses, restaurants, cafes, people watching outside publix, etc
Of course you may also do things like socialize by watching stimuli out of the car, while holding the pup in your arms, using a stroller or wagon, etc. These would be good options if you do not want your puppy to explore the grasses and dirt around them. **Make sure to bring some tasty treats and a toy to feed and play with your pup when loud noises happen, or a stranger walks by, etc.


3) How long does it take for a dog to be trained?
This question is popular, but almost impossible to answer! There are too many variables at play including the dog's age, severity of issues, owner's willingness & ability to train in the home setting, the dog's physical and emotional well-being, and much more!

4) Can you guarantee results?
As much as we would like to, "guarantee" is not a word that should be used with live animals. To be frank, this is not like buying an appliance and, therefore, "fixing" and "guaranteeing" should not be the thought process behind helping dogs. Managing behavior and modifying behavior, teaching new skills, and strengthening concepts (confidence, optimism, impulse control, focus, etc) are what we are all about. And, of course, it is also a matter of how well the human parents can implement the management and training! Consistency is important.

5) Do you work with aggression cases or anxiety cases?
Yes, and depending on the individual case, other professionals may be brought in as well. Sometimes you need your network! Shoot us an email and we will evaluate what the best plan of action is.

6) What treats do you use to train?
When training in the familiar setting of home, I suggest using a portion of your dog's daily breakfast or dinner kibble/meal. We don't need the inanimate object of your dog's food bowl to hold so much value when you can use that daily meal to put value in things like coming when called, rewarding calm & good choices in the house/yard, etc.
When at class or other distracting settings outside of the home, use higher value goods like freeze-dried treats, plain boiled chicken, small bits of string cheese, homemade egg or tuna treats, etc. And then just portion control thier breakfast/dinner so you are not over-feeding in a day.


6) Should my dog walk on a harness or a collar?
The way that we address this topic is with the understanding that dogs need CLARITY. We also understand that if we are being 100% realistic, most of our human clients are not going to be very clear & consistent with their dogs every single time the dog is on leash. For example, if the leash is at all tight and you continue to move forward with your dog, you are letting the dog pull you. And let's say your dog ends up pulling you into daycare, out of the Vet, and they pull you over to thier favorite fire hydrant. Then, later that day you do not want the dog to pull you up to the neighbor or down your driveway. You may have preconceived notions in your head WHY you are letting the dog drag you out of the vet's office but not up to the neighbor; HOWEVER it is all very random and confusing to your dog. So, we say walk your dog on the back end of a harness if you are not going to teach loose leash rules in a given context to give you guys a little bit of a loophole, and then use the collar (or front-end harness) when you will be consistent with your loose-leash rules. We can teach the loose leash in class or at a private lesson.

7) My dog knows some basics already, so should I take the Basic Obedience 1 or the Obedience II/CGC class?
The pre-requirements for going to Obedience II are: 
The dog has a solid understanding of sit, down, and a basic Sit-Stay (you can walk at least 4 feet away from your dog while they stay seated)
The dog has a definition of "Come" or "Here", especially in easier settings with minimal distraction

The dog has a beginner level understanding of nice leash walking/basic heel position or is just naturally more mellow on leash

The dog does not display aggressive tendencies toward other people and other dogs

**If you are not quite confident in some of these items AND your dog is less than 9 months, I would suggest Obedience I. IF your dog shows some reactivity on leash, I would suggest a private lesson first to evaluate best plan of action.


8) All of your classes are full! Or, I can't find a class that fits with my schedule--what should I do?
Thank you very much for supporting small, local businesses and for checking here with P.U.P.S. I'm sorry if our current class schedule cannot accommodate you and your dogs right now. Please check in with some of these other local trainers for group classes: 
Class Act for Dogs w/ Judy Thigpin: judy_k9sar@yahoo.com
Dog's Play w/ Julie Hughes: dogsplaytraining@gmail.com

Pawsitively Fun Training w/ Rachel Flatley: bordercoolies@aol.com
A Pawsitive k9 w/ Marj Spence: marj@apawsitivek9training.com
Ocala Dog Ranch